Home News Israel-Palestine battle: A short historical past in maps and charts | Israel-Palestine battle Information

Israel-Palestine battle: A short historical past in maps and charts | Israel-Palestine battle Information

Israel-Palestine battle: A short historical past in maps and charts | Israel-Palestine battle Information


Israel’s lethal bombardment of Gaza has killed practically 15,000 folks, together with 10,000 ladies and youngsters, in over 50 days, making it the deadliest battle for the besieged Palestinian enclave until date.

Israel has rebuffed requires a ceasefire as a four-day humanitarian truce involves an finish on November 28. It’s unclear whether or not the truce will probably be prolonged.

The devastation of Gaza and the mounting dying toll has triggered worldwide protests, bringing the decades-long problem to the centre-stage of worldwide politics.

The Balfour declaration

The Israeli-Palestinian problem goes again practically a century when Britain, throughout World Battle I, pledged to ascertain a nationwide house for the Jewish folks in Palestine below the Balfour Declaration.Map of Palestine before the British mandate.

Jewish immigration to Palestine

A big-scale Jewish migration to Palestine started, accelerated by Jewish folks fleeing Nazism in Europe. Between 1918 and 1947, the Jewish inhabitants in Palestine elevated from 6 p.c to 33 p.c.

Palestinians have been alarmed by the demographic change and tensions rose, resulting in the Palestinian revolt from 1936 to 1939.

In the meantime, Zionist organisations continued to marketing campaign for a homeland for Jews in Palestine. Armed Zionist militias began to assault the Palestinian folks, forcing them to flee. Zionism, which emerged as a political ideology within the late nineteenth century, referred to as for the creation of a Jewish homeland.

Chart showing Jewish immigration to Palestine.

The UN Partition Plan

As violence ravaged Palestine, the matter was referred to the newly shaped United Nations. In 1947, the UN adopted Decision 181, which referred to as for the partition of Palestine into Arab and Jewish states, handing over about 55 p.c of the land to Jews. Arabs have been granted 45 p.c of the land, whereas Jerusalem was declared a separate internationalised territory.

A map showing the division of Palestine based on the UN Resolution 181.

Town is at present divided between West Jerusalem, which is predominantly Jewish, and East Jerusalem with a majority Palestinian inhabitants. Israel captured East Jerusalem after the Six-Day Battle in 1967 together with the West Financial institution – a step not recognised by the worldwide group.

The Outdated Metropolis in occupied East Jerusalem holds spiritual significance for Christians, Muslims, and Jews. It’s house to Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, which is thought to Muslims as al-Haram al-Sharif and to Jews as Temple Mount.

In 1981, the UN designated it a World Heritage Web site.

INTERACTIVE_Jerusalem divided city

The Nakba

Main as much as Israel’s delivery in 1948, greater than 750,000 Palestinians have been ethnically cleansed from their houses by Zionist militias. This mass exodus got here to be often called the Nakba or disaster.

An additional 300,000 Palestinians have been displaced by the Six-Day Battle in 1967.

The map of Palestinian exodus following the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.

A map showing Israeli occupation of Palestinian territory after the 1967 Arab-Israeli war.

Israel declared the annexation of East Jerusalem in 1980, however the worldwide group nonetheless considers it an occupied territory. Palestinians need East Jerusalem because the capital of their future state.

The Oslo Accords

In 1993, Palestinian chief Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin signed the Oslo Accords, which aimed to attain peace inside 5 years. It was the primary time the 2 sides recognised one another.

A second settlement in 1995 divided the occupied West Financial institution into three elements – Space A, B and C. The Palestinian Authority, which was created within the wake of the Oslo Accords, was provided solely restricted rule on 18 p.c of the land as Israel successfully continued to manage the West Financial institution.

Maps showing the distribution of the occupied West Bank after the Oslo Accords were signed.

Israeli settlements and checkpoints

Nevertheless, the Oslo Accords slowly broke down as Israeli settlements, Jewish communities constructed on Palestinian land within the West Financial institution, grew at a fast tempo.

The settlement inhabitants within the West Financial institution and East Jerusalem grew from roughly 250,000 in 1993 to as much as 700,000 in September this yr. About three million Palestinians stay within the occupied West Financial institution and East Jerusalem.

INTERACTIVE Occupied West Bank Palestine Israeli settlements
(Al Jazeera)

The constructing of Israeli settlements and a separation wall on occupied territories has fragmented the the Palestinian communities and restricted their mobility. About 700 highway obstacles, together with 140 checkpoints, dot the West Financial institution. About 70,000 Palestinians with Israeli work permits cross these checkpoints of their each day commute.

Settlements are thought-about unlawful below worldwide legislation. The UN has condemned settlements, calling it a giant hurdle within the realisation of a viable Palestinian state as a part of the so-called “two-state answer”.

INTERACTIVE_Checkpoints in West Bank

Blockade of Gaza

Israel imposed a blockade on Gaza in 2007 after the Hamas group got here to energy. The siege continues until date. Israel additionally occupies the West Financial institution and East Jerusalem – the territories Palestinians wish to be a part of their future state.

Israel imposed a complete blockade on the Gaza Strip on October 9, reducing its provides of electrical energy, meals, water, and gas within the wake of a shock Hamas assault inside Israel. At the least 1,200 folks have been killed in that assault.

INTERACTIVE Gaza 16 years of living under blockade-OCT9-2023

Israel and Palestine now

That is what Israel and Palestine seem like now.

INTERACTIVE_Size of Palestine and Israel

At this time, about 5 million Palestinians stay in Gaza, the West Financial institution and East Jerusalem and 1.6 million Palestinians are residents of Israel. This makes up about half of their complete inhabitants. The opposite half lives in different nations, together with Arab nations. There are about 14.7 million Jews around the globe right this moment, of which 84 p.c stay in Israel and the USA. The remaining stay in different nations together with France, Canada, Argentina and Russia.

INTERACTIVE_Where are the Palestinians today

INTERACTIVE_Where are the Jews today


Information compiled by Sarah Shamim



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